Guidelines for Neonatal Parenteral Nutrition: 2019 Update by the Portuguese Neonatal Society. Part II. Micronutrients, Ready-to-use Solutions and Particular Conditions
Date of submission: 12-12-2018 | Date of acceptance: 02-04-2019 | Published: 15-07-2019
This update of guidelines for neonatal PN prescription is divided in two parts:
- Part I, included in the same issue of the journal, in which general aspects and criteria for fluids, energy, and macronutrients prescriptions, particularly for very and extremely preterm infants, are reviewed.
- Part II, herein included, in which criteria for micronutrients prescription, recommendations either using individualized prescription with hospital pharmacy compounding or commercial ready-to-use solutions, and PN recommendations in particular clinical conditions are reviewed.
Levels of evidence (LoE) and recommendation grades (RG) used in the updated guidelines of ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR/CSPEN 1 are adopted in this document and shown in the Appendix 1.
The Appendix 2 provides a table for rapid consulting of complete PN prescription in preterm infants.